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Getting to Know Your Garage Door: Types of Springs

Most homeowners open and close their garage doors at least twice a day, but never consider the mechanics that make it work. The function of your garage door is fairly simple. When you push the button on your garage door opener, it’s actually the springs that support the heavy lifting of opening or closing of the door.

Types of Garage Door Springs

There are three primary types of garage door springs: extension springs, torsion springs and torque tube springs. Let’s go over how each of these springs work and the pros and cons for each type.

Garage Door Extension Springs

Extension springs are mounted on either side of your garage door. When the door is closed the springs are extended. The springs contract to open the door. This type of spring should always s be paired with safety cables to prevent damage or injury when the spring fails.

Garage Door Torsion Springs

Torsion springs are mounted horizontally above the center of your garage door. Instead of stretching like an extension spring, torsion springs wind and unwind to support the opening and closing of a garage door. Depending on the weight of the door, additional springs can be added. Most doors are supported by one or two torsion springs.

Garage Door Torque Tube Springs

Torque tube springs are very similar to torsion springs, but the torsion spring is encased in a tube that runs across the top of the garage door. These springs were designed to eliminate some of the safety risks associated with replacing a torsion spring.

Extension Springs Vs. Torsion Springs Vs. Torque Tube Springs

If your garage door spring breaks and you are trying to decide on the best spring replacement, torsion springs are usually the best investment. Let’s look at the pros and cons.


Torsion springs can last up to twice as long as extension springs.


Garage door extension springs cost slightly less than torsion springs up front. Torque tube springs are typically the most expensive option.


Torsion springs can make a big noise when they break but there is no risk of them flying off and injuring anyone. Due to the way they are installed, they are a much safer option than extension springs. Torque tube springs are the safest of the three options.


Torsion springs offer better control and as a result, requires fewer balance adjustments and maintenance.

Whichever type of garage door spring you choose, the experts at Larry Myers Garage Doors are here to help. Contact us today to schedule a consultation in the Portland, Oregon or Vancouver, Washington area.

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Posted in Garage News